The archaic fortification of Lindos Acropolis was constructed in the middle of the 6th century BC, and it consisted of thick walls with seven chambers, which served as platforms for archers. However, this early wall was insufficient in terms of defense and lacked essential mechanisms for fortification. During its time, the walls served as a barrier against enemy attacks, but the design was not sufficient to protect the city from siege warfare. In the early 3rd century BC, new fortifications were necessary due to the introduction of catapults in battle. The Hellenistic wall was then constructed, an interconnecting masonry system to reinforce the first wall. This structure was built to withstand the siege warfare that the Archaic fortifications were not able to withstand.
The rectangular pillars were placed in front of the walls to reinforce them and bear the weight of the interconnecting masonry. The natural slope of the rocky terrain was also used to support the wall’s foundation. Towers were also added to the new fortification, including a square tower located near the gate and a rectangular tower located at the highest point of the Acropolis.
These towers were designed to provide a strategic perspective to the defenders and were integral to the defense system. The square tower was built in the same style as the Hellenistic walls and was intended to supplement the wall’s defensive system. On the other hand, the rectangular tower was designed with a unique style, possibly because it was built by a different architect. Minor repairs were carried out on the fortifications by the priest of Athena Poplius Aelius Agetor in the 2nd century AD. These repairs were necessary as the wall had eroded over the years due to weathering and human activity. This continued maintenance and preservation of the walls were crucial in ensuring that the fortifications would continue to serve its purpose in protecting the people of Lindos. The Lindos Acropolis fortifications are essential artifacts that provide insight into the historical and cultural heritage of Lindos. The fortifications’ architectural design emphasizes the strategic importance of defending the city from enemy attacks, highlighted by the Hellenistic walls, towers, and other additions.
The knowledge of repairs and ongoing maintenance of the fortifications gives us an idea of civic responsibility and community involvement in the preservation of their culture’s heritage. Ultimately, these fortifications serve as a cultural and historical heritage site that reminds us of the importance of preserving and enhancing the cultural legacy for generations to come.